Posted on Categories:Business Decisions, 商业决策代, 金融代写

金融代写|商业决策代写Business Decisions代考|ECON1001 The users of accounting information

如果你也在 怎样代写商业决策Business Decisions ECON1001这个学科遇到相关的难题,请随时右上角联系我们的24/7代写客服。商业决策Business Decisions包括任何影响商业运作、目标和未来活动的决定。通过了解商业决策的重要性和不同类型,你可以确保在各种不同情况下运用正确的决策技能。

商业决策Business Decisions有时也被称为运营决策,是由商业专业人士做出的决定公司短期或长期活动的任何选择。专业人士针对各种不同的情况做出商业决策,包括决定雇用哪位求职者,如何分配部门预算,何时扩展到新的产品市场,是否应该合并分支机构以及其他需要深思熟虑的情况。

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金融代写|商业决策代写Business Decisions代考|ECON1001 The users of accounting information

金融代写|商业决策代写Business Decisions代考|The users of accounting information

Accounting’ is a language that communicates financial and non-financial information to people who have an interest in an organization – managers, shareholders and potential investors, employees, creditors and the government. Managers require information that will assist them in their decision-making and control activities; for example, information is needed on the estimated selling prices, costs, demand, competitive position and profitability of yarious products that are made by the organization. Shareholders require information on the value of their investment and the income that is derived from their shareholding. Employees require information on the ability of the firm to meet wage demands and avoid redundancies. Creditors and the providers of loan capital require information on a firm’s ability to meets its financial obligations. Government agencies like the Central Statistical Office collect accounting information and require such information as the details of sales activity, profits, investments, stocks, dividends paid, the proportion of profits absorbed by taxation and so on. In addition, the tax authorities need information on the amount of profits that are subject to taxation. All this information is important for determining policies to manage a country’s economy.

Accounting information is not confined to business organizations. Accounting information about individuals is also important and is used by other individuals; for example, credit will only be extended to an individual after the prospective borrower has furnished a reasonable accounting of his or her private financial affairs. Non-profit-making organizations such as churches, charitable organizations, clubs and government units such as local authorities, also require accounting information for decision-making, and for reporting the results of their activities. For example, a tennis club will require information on the cost of undertaking its various activities so that a decision can be made as to the amount of the annual subscription that it will charge to its members. Similarly, local authorities need information on the costs of undertaking specific activities so that decisions can be made as to which activities will be undertaken and the resources that must be raised to finance them.

The foregoing discussion has indicated that there are many users of accounting information who require information for decision-making. The objective of accounting is to provide sufficient information to meet the needs of the various users at the lowest possible cost. Obviously, the benefit derived from using an information system for decision-making must be greater than the cost of operating the system.

金融代写|商业决策代写Business Decisions代考|Differences between management accounting and financial accounting

The major differences between these two branches of accounting are:

  • Legal requirements. There is a statutory requirement for public limited companies to produce annual financial accounts regardless of whether or not management regards this information as useful. Management accounting, by contrast, is entirely optional and information should be produced only if it is considered that the benefits from the use of the information by management exceed the cost of collecting it.
  • Focus on individual parts or segments of the business. Financial accounting reports describe the whole of the business whereas management accounting focuses on small parts of the organization, for example the cost and profitability of products, services, customers and activities. In addition, management accounting information measures the economic performance of decentralized operating units, such as divisions and departments.
  • Generally accepted accounting principles. Financial accounting statements must be prepared to conform with the legal requirements and the generally accepted accounting principles established by the regulatory bodies such as the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) in the USA and the Accounting Standards Board (ASB) in the UK. These requirements are essential to ensure the uniformity and consistency that is needed for external financial statements. Outside users need assurance that external statements are prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles so that the inter-company and historical comparisons are possible. In contrast, management accountants are not required to adhere to generally accepted accounting principles when providing managerial information for internal purposes. Instead, the focus is on the serving management’s needs and providing information that is useful to managers relating to their decision-making, planning and control functions.
    Time dimension. Financial accounting reports what has happened in the past in an organization, whereas management accounting is concerned with future information as well as past information. Decisions are concerned with future events and management therefore requires details of expected future costs and revenues.
  • Report frequency. A detailed set of financial accounts is published annually and less detailed accounts are published semi-annually. Management requires information quickly if it is to act on it. Consequently management accounting reports on various activities may be prepared at daily, weekly or monthly intervals.
金融代写|商业决策代写Business Decisions代考|ECON1001 The users of accounting information


金融代写|商业决策代写Business Decisions代考|The users of accounting information




金融代写|商业决策代写Business Decisions代考|Differences between management accounting and financial accounting


  • 法律要求。无论管理层是否认为这些信息有用,公共有限公司都有法定要求编制年度财务账目。相比之下,管理会计完全是可选的,只有当认为管理层使用信息的收益超过收集信息的成本时,才应生成信息。
  • 专注于业务的各个部分或细分市场。财务会计报告描述了整个业务,而管理会计则关注组织的一小部分,例如产品、服务、客户和活动的成本和盈利能力。此外,管理会计信息衡量分散经营单位(如部门和部门)的经济绩效。
  • 一般公认会计原则。财务会计报表的编制必须符合美国财务会计准则委员会 (FASB) 和英国会计准则委员会 (ASB) 等监管机构制定的法律要求和公认会计原则。这些要求对于确保外部财务报表所需的统一性和一致性至关重要。外部用户需要保证外部报表是按照公认会计原则编制的,以便可以进行公司间和历史比较。相比之下,在为内部目的提供管理信息时,管理会计师不需要遵守公认的会计原则。反而,
  • 报告频率。详细的财务账目每年发布一次,不太详细的账目每半年发布一次。管理层若要对其采取行动,就需要迅速获取信息。因此,可以每天、每周或每月准备有关各种活动的管理会计报告。
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微观经济学是主流经济学的一个分支,研究个人和企业在做出有关稀缺资源分配的决策时的行为以及这些个人和企业之间的相互作用。my-assignmentexpert™ 为您的留学生涯保驾护航 在数学Mathematics作业代写方面已经树立了自己的口碑, 保证靠谱, 高质且原创的数学Mathematics代写服务。我们的专家在图论代写Graph Theory代写方面经验极为丰富,各种图论代写Graph Theory相关的作业也就用不着 说。




现代博弈论始于约翰-冯-诺伊曼(John von Neumann)提出的两人零和博弈中的混合策略均衡的观点及其证明。冯-诺依曼的原始证明使用了关于连续映射到紧凑凸集的布劳威尔定点定理,这成为博弈论和数学经济学的标准方法。在他的论文之后,1944年,他与奥斯卡-莫根斯特恩(Oskar Morgenstern)共同撰写了《游戏和经济行为理论》一书,该书考虑了几个参与者的合作游戏。这本书的第二版提供了预期效用的公理理论,使数理统计学家和经济学家能够处理不确定性下的决策。


微积分,最初被称为无穷小微积分或 “无穷小的微积分”,是对连续变化的数学研究,就像几何学是对形状的研究,而代数是对算术运算的概括研究一样。

它有两个主要分支,微分和积分;微分涉及瞬时变化率和曲线的斜率,而积分涉及数量的累积,以及曲线下或曲线之间的面积。这两个分支通过微积分的基本定理相互联系,它们利用了无限序列和无限级数收敛到一个明确定义的极限的基本概念 。





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