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# 会计代写|财务管理代考Financial Management代写|BFA503 Other types of code

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## 会计代写|财务管理代考Financial Management代写|Other types of code

Here are some other examples of codes.
(a) Sequence (or progressive) codes
Numbers are given to items in ordinary numerical sequence, so that there is no obvious connection between an item and its code. For example:
$\begin{array}{ll}000042 & 4 \mathrm{~cm} \text { nails } \ 000043 & \text { Office stapler } \ 000044 & \text { Hand wrench }\end{array}$
(b) Group classification codes
These are an improvement on simple sequences codes, in that a digit (often the first one) indicates the classification of an item. For example:
$\begin{array}{ll}\text { 4NNNNN } & \text { Nails } \ \text { 5NNNNN } & \text { Screws } \ \text { 6NNNNN } & \text { Bolts }\end{array}$
(Note. ‘N’ stands for another digit; ‘NNNNN’ indicates there are five further digits in the code.)
(c) Faceted codes
These are a refinement of group classification codes, in that each digit of the code gives information about an item. For example:
(i) The first digit: 1 Nails
$\begin{array}{ll}2 & \text { Screws } \ 3 & \text { Bolts } \ & \text { etc… }\end{array}$
(ii) The second digit: 1 Steel
$\begin{array}{ll}2 & \text { Brass } \ 3 & \text { Copper } \ & \text { etc… }\end{array}$
(iii) The third digit: $150 \mathrm{~mm}$
$260 \mathrm{~mm}$
$375 \mathrm{~mm}$ etc…
A $60 \mathrm{~mm}$ steel screw would have a code of 212 .

(d) Significant digit codes
These incorporate some digit(s) which is (are) part of the description of the item being coded. For example:
$\begin{array}{llll}5000 & \text { Screws } & 5060 & 60 \mathrm{~mm} \text { screws } \ 5050 & 50 \mathrm{~mm} \text { screws } & 5075 & 75 \mathrm{~mm} \text { screws }\end{array}$

(e) Hierarchical codes
This is a type of faceted code where each digit represents a classification, and each digit further to the right represents a smaller subset than those to the left. For example:
$$\begin{array}{rlll} 3= & \text { Screws } & 32 & =\text { Round headed screws } \ 31= & 322 & = & \text { Steel (round headed) screws } \ & & & \text { and so on } \end{array}$$
A coding system does not have to be structured entirely on any one of the above systems. It can mix the various features according to the items which need to be coded.

## 会计代写|财务管理代考Financial Management代写|Example: coding systems

Formulate a coding system suitable for computer application for the cost accounts of a small manufacturing company.
Solution
A suggested computer-based four-digit numerical coding system is set out below.
$\begin{array}{lll}\text { Basic structure } & \text { Code number } & \text { Allocation } \ \text { First division } & 1000-4999 & \begin{array}{l}\text { This range provides for cost accounts and is div } \ \text { departmental sections with ten cost centre subs } \ \text { department, allowing for a maximum of } 99 \text { acco } \ \text { centre. }\end{array} \ \text { Second division } & 1000-1999 & \text { Department 1 } \ & 2000-2999 & \text { Department 2 } \ & 3000-3999 & \text { Department 3 } \ & 4000-4999 & \text { Department 4 } \ & 100-999 & \text { Facility for ten cost centres in each department } \ \text { Third division } & & \text { Breakdown of costs in each cost centre } \ \text { Fourth division } & 01-39 & \text { Direct costs } \ & 40-59 & \text { Variable costs } \ & 60-79 & \text { Fixed costs } \ & 80-99 & \text { Spare capacity }\end{array}$
Codes 5000-9999 could be used for the organisation’s financial accounts.
An illustration of the coding of steel screws might be as follows.
Department 2
$\begin{array}{lcccc}\text { Cost centre } & 1 & 2 & 3 & 4 \ \text { Consumable stores } & 2109 & 2209 & 2309 & 2409\end{array}$
The four-digit codes above indicate the following.

• The first digit, 2 , refers to the department.
• The second digit, 1, 2, 3 or 4, refers to the cost centre which incurred the cost.
• The last two digits, 09 , refer to ‘materials costs, steel screws’.

## 会计代写财务管理代考Financial Management代写|Other types of code

(a) 顺序 (或斩进) 代码
$0000424 \mathrm{~cm}$ nails 000043 Office stapler 000044 Hand wrench
(b) 组分类代码
4NNNNN Nails 5NNNNN Screws 6NNNNN Bolts
(注意。 “N“代表一个数字; “NNNNN”表示代码

(i) 第一个擞字: 1 Nails
2 Screws 3 Bolts etc…
(ii) 第二偻字: 1 钢
2 Brass 3 Copper etc…
(iii) 第三位数字: $150 \mathrm{~mm}$
$260 \mathrm{~mm}$
$375 \mathrm{~mm}$ 等等
$\ldots .60 \mathrm{~mm}$ 訙蛺丝的代码为 $212 。$
(d) 有效数字代码

$5000 \quad$ Screws $\quad 5060 \quad 60 \mathrm{~mm}$ screws $5050 \quad 50 \mathrm{~mm}$ screws $\quad 5075 \quad 75 \mathrm{~mm}$ screws
(e) 分层代码
$3=$ Screws $32=$ Round headed screws $31=322=$ Steel (round headed) screws $\quad$ and so on

## 会计代写|财务管理代考Financial Management代写|Example: coding systems

Basic structure Code number Allocation First division $1000-4999$ This range provides for cost accounts and is div departmental sectic

Cost centre $\quad 1 \quad 2 \quad 3 \quad 4$ Consumable stores $2109 \quad 2209 \quad 2309 \quad 2409$

• 第一个数字 2 指的是部门。
• 第二位数字 $1 、 2 、 3$ 或 4 指产生成本的成本中心。
• 最后两位数字 09 表示”材料成本，钢螺钢”。

## MATLAB代写

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